Vol 12, No 11

The photometric system of the Tsinghua-NAOC 80-cm telescope at NAOC Xinglong Observatory

Fang Huang, Jun-Zheng Li, Xiao-Feng Wang, Ren-Cheng Shang, Tian-Meng Zhang, Jing-Yao Hu, Yu-Lei Qiu, Xiao-Jun Jiang


Abstract The Tsinghua-NAOC (National Astronomical Observatories of China) Telescope (hereafter, TNT) is an 80-cm Cassegrain reflecting telescope located at the Xinglong Observatory of NAOC, with the main scientific goals of monitoring various transients in the universe such as supernovae, gamma-ray bursts, novae, variable stars, and active galactic nuclei. We present a systematic test and analysis of the photometric performance of this telescope. Based on the calibration observations taken on 12 photometric nights, spanning the period from 2004 to 2012, we derived an accurate transformation equation between the instrumental ubvri magnitudes and standard Johnson UBV and Cousins RI magnitudes. In particular, the color terms and the extinction coefficients of different passbands are well determined. With these data, we also obtained the limiting magnitudes and the photometric precision of TNT. It is worthwhile to point out that the sky background at the Xinglong Observatory became gradually worse over the period from 2005 to 2012 (e.g., ~21.4 mag vs. ~20.1 mag in the V band)


Keywords instrumentation: detectors — site testing — telescopes

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