Vol 12, No 10

An object correlation and maneuver detection approach for space surveillance

Jian Huang, Wei-Dong Hu, Qin Xin, Xiao-Yong Du


Abstract Object correlation and maneuver detection are persistent problems in space surveillance and maintenance of a space object catalog. We integrate these two problems into one interrelated problem, and consider them simultaneously under a scenario where space objects only perform a single in-track orbital maneuver during the time intervals between observations. We mathematically formulate this integrated scenario as a maximum a posteriori (MAP) estimation. In this work, we propose a novel approach to solve the MAP estimation. More precisely, the corresponding posterior probability of an orbital maneuver and a joint association event can be approximated by the Joint Probabilistic Data Association (JPDA) algorithm. Subsequently, the maneuvering parameters are estimated by optimally solving the constrained non-linear least squares iterative process based on the second-order cone programming (SOCP) algorithm. The desired solution is derived according to the MAP criterions. The performance and advantages of the proposed approach have been shown by both theoretical analysis and simulation results. We hope that our work will stimulate future work on space surveillance and maintenance of a space object catalog.


Keywords celestial mechanics — methods: analytical — techniques: miscellaneous — surveys

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