Vol 17, No 8

Red Clump Stars from LAMOST II: the outer disc of the Milky Way

Jun-Chen Wan, Chao Liu, Deng Li-Cai


Abstract We present stellar density maps of the Galactic outer disc with red clump stars from LAMOST data. These samples are separated into younger (mean age ∼ 2.7 Gyr) and older (mean age ∼ 4.6 Gyr) populations so that they can trace the variation of structures with ages in the range of Galactocentric radius R from 9 to 13.5 kpc. We show that scale heights for both of the two populations increase with R and display radial gradients of 48±6 and 40±4 pc kpc−1 for the older and younger populations, respectively. It is evident that flaring occurs in the thin disc populations with a wide range of ages. Moreover, the intensity of flaring does not seem to be significantly related to the age of the thin disc populations. On the other hand, scale lengths of the radial surface density profiles are 4.7 ± 0.5 kpc for the younger population and 3.4 ± 0.2 kpc for the older population, meaning that the younger disc population is more radially extended than the older one. Although the fraction of the younger population mildly increases from 28% at R ∼ 9 to about 35% at R ∼ 13 kpc, the older population is prominent with a fraction of no less than 65% in the outer disc.


Keywords Galaxy: disc — Galaxy: evolution — Galaxy: structure

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