Special Issue for LAMOST Sciences

Spectral classification of stars based on LAMOST spectra

Chao Liu, Wen-Yuan Cui, Bo Zhang, Jun-Chen Wan, Li-Cai Deng, Yong-Hui Hou, Yue-Fei Wang, Ming Yang, Yong Zhang


Abstract In this work, we select spectra of stars with high signal-to-noise ratio from LAMOST data and map their MK classes to the spectral features. The equivalent widths of prominent spectral lines, which play a similar role as multi-color photometry, form a clean stellar locus well ordered by MK classes. The advantage of the stellar locus in line indices is that it gives a natural and continuous classification of stars consistent with either broadly used MK classes or stellar astrophysical parameters. We also employ an SVM-based classification algorithm to assign MK classes to LAMOST stellar spectra. We find that the completenesses of the classifications are up to 90% for A and G type stars, but they are down to about 50% for OB and K type stars. About 40% of the OB and K type stars are mis-classified as A and G type stars, respectively. This is likely due to the difference in the spectral features between late B type and early A type stars or between late G and early K type stars being very weak. The relatively poor performance of the automatic MK classification with SVM suggests that the direct use of line indices to classify stars is likely a more preferable choice.


Keywords techniques: spectroscopic — stars: general — stars: fundamental param- eters — stars: statistics — Galaxy: stellar contents

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