Vol 24, No 4

Characteristics of Emission Non-nulling Pulsars Through Simulation

Rai Yuen


We investigate the population and several properties of radio pulsars whose emission does not null (non-nulling) through simulation of a large pulsar sample. Emission from a pulsar is identified as non-nulling if (i) the emission does not cease across the whole pulse profile, and (ii) the emission is detectable. For (i), we adopt a model for switching in the plasma charge density, and emission persists if the charge density is non-zero. For (ii), we assume that detectable emission originates from source points where it is emitted tangentially to the magnetic field-line and parallel to the line-of-sight. We find that pulsars exhibiting non-nulling emission possess obliquity angles with an average of 425, and almost half the samples maintain a duty cycle between 0.05 and 0.2. Furthermore, the pulsar population is not fixed but dependent on the obliquity angle, with the population peaking at 20°. In addition, three evolutionary phases are identified in the pulsar population as the obliquity angle evolves, with the majority of samples having an obliquity angle between 20° and 65°. Our results also suggest that emission from a pulsar may evolve between nulling and non-nulling during its lifetime.


Key words: radiation mechanisms: non-thermal – stars: neutron – (stars:) pulsars: general

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