Vol 24, No 2

Lobe-dominated γ-Ray Emission of Compact Symmetric Objects

Ying-Ying Gan, Hai-Ming Zhang, Xing Yang, Ying Gu and Jin Zhang


The γ-ray emitting compact symmetric objects (CSOs) PKS 1718–649, NGC 3894, and TXS 0128+554 are lobe-dominated in the radio emission. In order to investigate their γ-ray radiation properties, we analyze the ∼14 yr Fermi/LAT observation data of the three CSOs. They all show the low luminosity (1041–1043 erg s−1) and no significant variability in the γ-ray band. Their γ-ray average spectra can be well fitted by a power-law function. These properties of γ-rays are clearly different from the γ-ray emitting CSOs CTD 135 and PKS 1413+135, for which the γ-rays are produced by a restarted aligned jet. In the Lγ − Γγ plane, the three CSOs are also located at the region occupied by radio galaxies (RGs) while CTD 135 and PKS 1413+135 display a similar feature to blazars. Together with a similar radio emission property to γ-ray emitting RGs Cen A and Fornax A, we speculate that the γ-rays of the three CSOs stem from their extended mini-lobes. The broadband spectral energy distributions of the three CSOs can be well explained by the two-zone leptonic model, where their γ-rays are produced by the inverse Compton process of the relativistic electrons in extended regions. By extrapolating the observed Fermi/LAT spectra to the very high energy band, we find that TXS 0128+554 among the three CSOs may be detected by the Cherenkov Telescope Array in the future.


Key words: galaxies: active – galaxies: jets – radio continuum: galaxies – gamma-rays: galaxies

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