Vol 24, No 2

GRB 200612A: An Ultralong Gamma-Ray Burst Powered by Magnetar Spinning Down

Liang-Jun Chen (陈良军), Xiang-Gao Wang (王祥高), De-Long Yang (杨德龙) and En-Wei Liang (梁恩维)


GRB 200612A could be classified as an ultralong gamma-ray burst due to its prompt emission lasting up to ∼1020 s and the true timescale of the central engine activity tburst ≥ 4 × 104 s. The late X-ray light curve with a decay index of α = 7.53 is steeper than the steepest possible decay from an external shock model. We propose that this X-ray afterglow can be driven by dipolar radiation from the magnetar spindown during its early stage, while the magnetar collapsed into the black hole before its spindown, resulting in a very steep decay of the late X-ray light curve. The optical data show that the light curve is still rising after 1.1 ks, suggesting a late onset. We show that GRB 200612A's optical afterglow light curve is fitted with the forward shock model by Gaussian structured off-axis jet. This is a special case among GRBs, as it may be an ultralong gamma-ray burst powered by a magnetar in an off-axis observation scenario.


Key words: (stars:) gamma-ray burst: individual (GRB 200612A) – (stars:) gamma-ray burst: general – stars: magnetars

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