Vol 24, No 1

Spin Evolution of the Magnetar SGR J1935+2154

Ming-Yu Ge, Yuan-Pei Yang, Fang-Jun Lu, Shi-Qi Zhou, Long Ji, Shuang-Nan Zhang, Bing Zhang, Liang Zhang, Pei Wang, Kejia Lee et al.


Fast radio bursts (FRBs) are short pulses observed in radio frequencies usually originating from cosmological distances. The discovery of FRB 200428 and its X-ray counterpart from the Galactic magnetar SGR J1935+2154 suggests that at least some FRBs can be generated by magnetars. However, the majority of X-ray bursts from magnetars are not associated with radio emission. The fact that only in rare cases can an FRB be generated raises the question regarding the special triggering mechanism of FRBs. Here we report long time spin evolution of SGR J1935+2154 until the end of 2022. According to ν and , the spin evolution of SGR J1935+2154 could be divided into two stages. The first stage evolves relatively steady evolution until 2020 April 27. After the burst activity in 2020, the spin of SGR J1935+2154 shows strong variations, especially for . After the burst activity in 2022 October, a new spin-down glitch with Δν/ν = (–7.2 ± 0.6) × 10−6 is detected around MJD 59876, which is the second event in SGR J1935+2154. At the end, spin frequency and pulse profile do not show variations around the time of FRB 200428 and radio bursts 221014 and 221021, which supply strong clues to constrain the trigger mechanism of FRBs or radio bursts.


Key words: (stars:) pulsars: general – (stars:) pulsars: individual (SGR J1935+2154) – X-rays: bursts

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