Vol 23, No 8

H i Galaxy Detections in the Zone of Avoidance with FAST

Chao Feng, Bin Liu, Hong-Wei Xi and Bo Peng


The Zone of Avoidance (ZoA) is a region of low galactic latitude that is heavily obscured by the Milky Way. Observations with radio telescopes are basically unaffected by dust extinction and can unveil the structure behind it through the Milky Way. One of the scientific goals of the Five-hundred-meter Aperture Spherical radio Telescope (FAST) is to search for the neutral hydrogen and understand the large-scale physics to explore the origin and evolution of the universe. We take the 15,500 IRAS (the Infrared Astronomical Satellite) galaxies from PSCz ("Point Source Catalog") survey to reconstruct the density field of the local universe, obtain the distribution of the relative density of galaxies in the ZoA region with a redshift z below 0.07, and the number of detectable galaxies with FAST is estimated by using the neutral hydrogen mass function of the ALFA (Arecibo L-band Feed Array) survey. We conclude that FAST can observe more than 2000 ZoA galaxies within a distance of 300 Mpc, and present preliminary results of the partial GPPS (the FAST Galactic Plane Pulsar Snapshot survey) data, compared with ALFA ZoA (The Arecibo L-band Feed Array Zone of Avoidance), show that FAST has a higher detection sensitivity to search for H i galaxies in the ZoA area.


Full Text