Photospheric C, N, and O abundances of 118 solar-analog stars were determined by applying the synthetic-fitting analysis to their spectra in the blue or near-UV region comprising lines of CH, NH, and OH molecules, with an aim of clarifying the behaviors of these abundances in comparison with [Fe/H]. It turned out that, in the range of −0.6 ≲ [Fe/H] ≲ +0.3, [C/Fe] shows a marginally increasing tendency with decreasing [Fe/H] with a slight upturn around [Fe/H] ∼ 0, [N/Fe] tends to somewhat decrease toward lower [Fe/H], and [O/Fe] systematically increases (and thus [C/O] decreases) with a decrease in [Fe/H]. While these results are qualitatively consistent with previous determinations mostly based on atomic lines, the distribution centers of these [C/Fe], [N/Fe], and [O/Fe] at the near-solar metallicity are slightly negative by several hundredths of dex, which is interpreted as due to unusual solar abundances possibly related to the planetary formation of our solar system. However, clear anomalies are not observed in the [C, N, O/Fe] ratios of planet-host stars. Three out of four very Be-deficient stars were found to show anomalous [C/Fe] or [N/Fe] which may be due to mass transfer from the evolved companion, though its relation to the Be depletion mechanism is still unclear.
Galaxy: evolution – planet-star interactions – stars: abundances – stars: atmospheres – stars: solar-type
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