Vol 23, No 2

Correction of the Temperature Effect of Muon Counts Observed at the Guangzhou Station

Cao-Long Xu, Yang Wang, Gang Qin and Ping-Bing Zuo


Muons are the main component of secondary cosmic rays, and the variation in muon intensity indicates the variation in primary cosmic ray intensity. However, before using muons to study the variation in the intensity of cosmic rays, it is necessary to eliminate the atmospheric effects, such as pressure and temperature effects. In this work, the temperature effect of the muons is corrected in terms of empirical method by using ground temperature. The temperature correction is applied to the muon data observed at the Guangzhou station during the period 2010–2021 after a barometric correction. It is found that the effect of seasonal variations in temperature on muon counts is greatly eliminated in the corrected data. Furthermore, the muon data are well correlated with the neutron data in comparison, which verifies the reliability of the corrected muon data. Our results show that the correction of muon data by using ground temperature is an effective method.


atmospheric effects – Sun: activity – (ISM:) cosmic rays

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