Vol 23, No 11

Direct Ion Beam Figuring Process and Rotational Measurement Method for Ultra-smooth Aspherical Surfaces of a 46.5 nm Telescope

Weichen Gu, Jun Yu, Pengfeng Sheng, Qiaoyu Wu, Qiushi Huang and Zhanshan Wang


This paper describes a fabrication process for the hyperboloidal concave mirror of a 46.5 nm telescope. The 180 mm aperture hyperboloidal concave mirror and 70 mm aperture compensator are machined directly from chemical mechanical polishing of a spherical surface to a high-accuracy aspherical surface by ion beam figuring. The aspherical measurement method is the Dall null test. To minimize system errors in the measurement process, the rotational measurement method with six rotations is used in the null test. The results of the analysis for the ME (first solve the machined surface profile, then solve the system errors) and EM (first solve the system errors, then solve the machined surface profile) methods of calculation in the measurement are given. The ME method is a more accurate rotational test method, and the six rotations are appropriate for rotational measurements. After the figuring process, the hyperboloidal concave mirror surface profile reached 8.27 nm rms and the compensator surface profile is approximately 4 nm rms. The roughness of the hyperboloidal concave mirror is smooth to 0.160 nm rms.


Key words: Astronomical Instrumentation – Methods and Techniques – instrumentation: high angular resolution – telescopes

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