NGC 1266 is a lenticular galaxy (S0) hosting an active galactic nucleus (AGN), and known to contain a large amount of shocked gas. We compare the luminosity ratio of mid-J CO lines to IR continuum with star-forming galaxies (SFGs), and then model the CO spectral line energy distribution (SLED). We confirm that in the mid- and high-J regions (J = 4–13), the C-type shock (v = 25 km s, n = 5 10 cm) can reproduce the CO observations well. The galaxy spectral energy distribution (SED) is constructed and modeled by the code and obtains a set of physical parameters including the star formation rate (SFR, 1.17 ± 0.47 M yr). Also, our work provides SFR derivation of [C ] from the neutral hydrogen regions only (1.38 ± 0.14 Myr). Previous studies have illusive conclusions on the AGN or starburst nature of the NGC 1266 nucleus. Our SED model shows that the hidden AGN in the system is intrinsically low-luminosity, consequently the infrared luminosity of the AGN does not reach the expected level. Archival data from NuSTAR hard X-ray observations in the 3–79 keV band shows a marginal detection, disfavoring presence of an obscured luminous AGN and implying that a compact starburst is more likely dominant for the NGC 1266 nucleus.
galaxies: elliptical and lenticular – cD – galaxies: individual (NGC 1266) – galaxies: ISM – galaxies: star formation – galaxies: active
It accepts original submissions from all over the world and is internationally published and distributed by IOP