Vol 22, No 5

Photometric Investigation of Contact Binary DY Cet Based on TESS Data

M. F. Yıldırım


Abstract We present a photometric analysis of the Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) light curve of contact binary system DY Cet and the behavior of its orbital period variation. The light curve and published radial velocity data analysis was performed using the Wilson–Devinney code. As a result of simultaneous analysis of the light curve with radial velocity data, the masses and radii of the system’s components were determined as \(M_1 = 1.55 \pm 0.02 M_{\odot}\), \(M_2 = 0.55 \pm 0.01 M_{\odot}\) and \(R_1 = 1.51 \pm 0.02 R_{\odot}\), \(R_2 = 0.95 \pm 0.02 R_{\odot}\), respectively. The degree of contact ( f ) and mass ratio (q) of the system were determined as 23% and 0.355 ± 0.012, respectively. Orbital period analysis of DY Cet was conducted for the first time in this study. It was observed that the orbital period has a sinusoidal change with decreasing parabola. To explain the orbital period change, mass transfer between components is proposed with the assumption of conservative mass, and the transfer rate was calculated to be \(dM/dt = 1.1 \times 10^{-7} M_{\odot}\rm yr^{-1}\) . A possible third component is suggested for explaining the sinusoidal change, and the mass of the unseen component was determined as 0.13 Me. The age of the DY Cet system was estimated as 3.77 Gyr.


Keywords stars: eclipsing binary stars – stars: fundamental parameters of stars – stars: individual (DY Cet)

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