Abstract Kepler’s observations show most of the exoplanets are super-Earths. The formation of a super-Earth is generally related to the atmospheric mass loss that is crucial in the planetary structure and evolution. The shock driven by the giant impact will heat the planet, resulting in the atmosphere escape. We focus on whether self-gravity changes the efficiency of mass loss. Without self-gravity, if the impactor mass is comparable to the envelope mass, there is a significant mass-loss. The radiative-convective boundary will shift inward by self-gravity. As the temperature and envelope mass increase, the situation becomes more prominent, resulting in a heavier envelope. Therefore, the impactor mass will increase to motivate the significant mass loss, as the self-gravity is included. With the increase of envelope mass, the self-gravity is particularly important.
Keywords planets and satellites: atmospheres – planets and satellites: physical evolution – methods: numerical
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