Vol 22, No 2

CSS J075415.6+191052 and NW Leo: Two Contact Binaries at Different Evolutionary Stages

Xu-Dong Zhang, Sheng-Bang Qian, Er-Gang Zhao, Qi-Jun Zhi, Ai-Jun Dong, Bin Zhang


Abstract Multi-color light curves of CSS J075415.6+191052 and NW Leo are presented and the photometric solutions suggest that CSS J075415.6+191052 is an A-subtype contact binary with low mass ratio (q = 0.178) while NW Leo has a high mass ratio (q = 0.707). For CSS J075415.6+191052, the RI light curves show weakening around the left shoulder of the secondary minimum, which indicates that there may be a dark spot on the secondary component. However, the light curves of BV bands are totally symmetric. It is unreasonable if the dark spot is caused by magnetic activity or mass transfer between the two components. Therefore, weakening of the light curves in this contact binary is caused by something else. A possible explanation is mass transferring from the primary component to the common convective envelope through the inner Lagrangian point, and this part of the mass, for some reason, weakens the RI bands of light from the secondary component. O − C analysis of NW Leo reveals a cyclic period change with a modulation period of 4.7 yr, which may be caused by the light travel time effect of a third body. The positions of CSS J075415.6+191052 and NW Leo in the P–J′orb diagram indicate that CSS J075415.6+191052 mainly abides by the angular momentum loss theory while NW Leo is dominated by the thermal relaxation oscillation theory.


Keywords (stars:) binaries: eclipsing – stars: evolution – stars: individual (CSS J075415.6+191052, NW Leo)

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