Abstract We report the “Bi-drifting” subpulses observed in PSR J0815+0939 using the Five-hundred-meter Aperture Spherical radio Telescope (FAST). The observation at band from 1050 to 1450 MHz is evenly divided into two bands, i.e., the bands at center frequencies of 1150 and 1350 MHz. The mean pulse profiles and the “Bi-drifting” subpulses at these two bands are investigated. It is found that the pulse profiles at these two frequencies show four emission components, and the peak separations between four emission components decrease with the increase of frequency. In addition, the ratio of peak intensity of each component to the intensity of component IV at 1150 MHz is larger than that at 1350 MHz. We carry out an analysis of the longitude-resolved fluctuation spectrum and twodimensional fluctuation spectrum for each emission component, and find that the P3 of components I, II and III are about 10.56, 10.57 and 10.59 s at 1150 and 1350 MHz. However, the reliable measurements of P3 of component IV and P2 for these four components were not obtained due to the low signal-to-noise ratio of observation data. The pulse energy distributions at frequencies 1150 and 1350 MHz are presented, and it is found that no nulling phenomenon has been found in this pulsar. With our observation from the FAST, the “Bi-drifting” subpulse phenomenon of PSR J0815+0939 is expanded from 400 to 1350 MHz, which is helpful for the relevant researchers to test and constrain the pulsar emission model, especially the model of “Bi-drifting” subpulse.
Keywords (stars:) pulsars: general – (stars:) pulsars: individual (..., ...) – radiation mechanisms: non-thermal
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