As a dedicated solar radioheliograph, the MingantU SpEctral RadioHeliograph (MUSER) has a maximum baseline of more than 3000 m and a frequency range of 400 MHz–15 GHz. According to the classical radio interferometry theory, the non-coplanar baseline effect (i.e., w-term effect) would be considered and calibrated for such a radio instrument. However, little previous literature made the qualitative or quantitative analyses on w-term effects of solar radioheliograph in-depth. This study proposes a complete quantitative analysis of w-term effects for the MUSER. After a brief introduction of the MUSER, we systematically investigate the baseline variations over a year and analyze the corresponding variations of w-term. We further studied the effects of the w-term in the imaging for the specified extended source, i.e., the Sun. We discussed the possible effects of the w-term, such as image distortion and so on. The simulated results show that the w-term is an essential and unavoidable issue for solar radio imaging with high spatial resolution.
instrumentation: interferometers – Sun: radio radiation – methods: data analysis
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