Abstract The coevolution between supermassive black holes (SMBHs) and their host galaxies has been proposed for more than a decade, albeit with little direct evidence about black hole accretion activities regulating galaxy star formation at z > 1. In this paper, we study the lifetimes of X-ray active galactic nuclei (AGNs) in UV-selected red sequence (RS), blue cloud (BC) and green valley (GV) galaxies, finding that AGN accretion activities are most prominent in GV galaxies at z ∼ 1.5–2, compared with RS and BC galaxies. We also compare AGN accretion timescales with typical color transition timescales of UV-selected galaxies. We find that the lifetime of GV galaxies at z ∼ 1.5–2 is very close to the typical timescale when the AGNs residing in them stay in the high-accretion-rate mode at these redshifts; for BC galaxies, the consistency between the color transition timescale and the black hole strong accretion lifetime is more likely to happen at lower redshifts (z < 1). Our results support the scenario where AGN accretion activities govern UV color transitions of host galaxies, making galaxies and their central SMBHs coevolve with each other.
Keywords : galaxies: active – galaxies: formation – galaxies: evolution – galaxies: high-redshift – galaxies: nuclei – (galaxies:) quasars: supermassive black holes – galaxies: star formatio n – galaxies: statistics
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