Vol 21, No 8

Empirical formulae to describe some physical properties of small groups of protogalaxies with multiplicity

Guillermo Arreaga-García


Abstract By means of identical cubic elements, we generate a partition of a volume in which a particlebased cosmological simulation is carried out. In each cubic element, we determine the gas particles with a normalized density greater than an arbitrarily chosen density threshold. By using a proximity parameter, we calculate the neighboring cubic elements and generate a list of neighbors. By imposing dynamic conditions on the gas particles, we identify gas clumps and their neighbors, so that we calculate and fit some properties of the groups so identified, including the mass, size and velocity dispersion, in terms of their multiplicity (here defined simply as the number of member galaxies). Finally, we report the value of the ratio of kinetic energy to gravitational energy of such dense gas clumps, which will be useful as initial conditions in simulations of gravitational collapse of gas clouds and clusters of gas clouds.


Keywords galaxies: kinematics and dynamics — hydrodynamics — methods: numerical

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