Vol 21, No 7

The research objectives and observational possibilities for fast moving near-Earth asteroids

Anton Pomazan, Zheng-Hong Tang, Nadiia Maigurova, Kai Tang, Yong Yu, Yin-Dun Mao


Abstract The paper describes observations of fast-moving near-Earth asteroids (NEAs) made with the small ground-based telescopes of National Time Service Center of Chinese Academy of Science (NTSC of CAS) and Research Institute “Mykolaiv Astronomical Observatory’ (RI MAO) by the rotating-drift-scan CCD (RDS CCD) technique. This technique is used to obtain the point images of both the studied objects and reference stars. The results of ongoing follow-up observations of NEAs are discussed. The residual differences (O-C) between the observed and calculated positions from JPL ephemeris were generally small for these asteroids. The standard deviations of these differences were typically ±(0.2′′ − 0.3′′) in both coordinates for objects with apparent velocity of which substantially exceed FWHM for the given exposure time. The results of comparative statistics for such observations from the MPC database show that this is a good level of precision for NEAs. Moreover, the telescopes with the RDS CCD technique implemented can observe the NEAs that closely approach the Earth and with enough observations can improve the precision of determining their orbital elements and impact predictions


Keywords astronomical databases: miscellaneous — surveys — methods: observational — techniques: miscellaneous — astrometry — minor planets, asteroids: general

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