Vol 21, No 5

Methodology for in-flight flat-field calibration of the Lyman-alpha solar telescope (LST)

Jing-Wei Li, Hui Li, Ying Li, Li Feng, Yu Huang, Jie Zhao, Lei Lu, Bei-Li Ying, Jian-Chao Xue


Abstract Flat-field reflects the non-uniformity of the photometric response at the focal plane of an instrument, which uses digital image sensors, such as Charge Coupled Device (CCD) and Complementary Metal-Oxide-Semiconductor (CMOS). This non-uniformity must be corrected before being used for scientific research. In this paper, we assess various candidate methods via simulation using available data so as to figure the in-flight flat-field calibration methodology for the Lyman-alpha Solar Telescope (LST). LST is one of the payloads for the Advanced Space-based Solar Observatory (ASO-S) mission and consists of three instruments: a White-light Solar Telescope (WST), a Solar Disk Imager (SDI) and a dual-waveband Solar Corona Imager (SCI). In our simulations, data from the Helioseismic and Magnetic Imager (HMI) and Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (AIA) onboard the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) mission are used. Our results show that the normal KLL method is appropriate for in-flight flat-field calibration of WST and implementing a transmissive diffuser is applicable for SCI. For the in-flight flat-field calibration of SDI, we recommend the KLL method with off-pointing images with defocused resolution of around 18′′, and use the local correlation tracking (LCT) algorithm instead of limb-fitting to determine the relative displacements between different images.


Keywords Sun: flares — Sun: coronal mass ejections (CMEs) — techniques: flat-field calibration — telescopes: Lyman-alpha Solar Telescope (LST)

Full Text

  • There are currently no refbacks.