Vol 21, No 4

HI detection of J030417.78+002827.4 by the Five-hundred-meter Aperture Spherical Radio Telescope

Nai-Ping Yu, Lei Qian, Chuan-Peng Zhang, Peng Jiang, Jin-Long Xu, Jun-Jie Wang


Abstract We present the first HI 21 cm spectroscopy detection of J030417.78+002827.4, which is an active galactic nucleus (AGN) with an intermediate-mass black hole (IMBH) in the center. The observations were carried out with the Five-hundred-meter Aperture Spherical Radio Telescope (FAST) last year. We relied on the ON-OFF observing approach with the 19-beam receiver covering 1.05 – 1.45 GHz. Within a total integration time of about 20 min, the root mean square (RMS) of our data reaches 1.2 mJy beam\(^{-1}\), at a velocity resolution of 1.6 km s\(^{-1}\). Radio frequency interference (RFI) is checked and excluded during the data analysis. The detected HI spectroscopy shows a dual-horned profile with a line width of 223.5 km s\(^{-1}\), indicating gas rotation around this AGN. The redshift of this galaxy derived from our HI observation is 0.0447. We calculate the atomic gas mass by the integrated flux of the HI emission line. The total gas mass in this galaxy is estimated to be \(1.8 \times 10^{10} M_{\odot}\). We find the fraction of gas-to-stellar mass ratio in J030417.78+002827.4 is more than 50%. This ratio is much higher than the typical value found in other AGNs with supermassive black holes (SMBHs), and is comparable to some star-forming galaxies recently observed by FAST.


Keywords galaxies: ISM — radio line: profiles

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