Vol 21, No 11

LAMOST Time-Domain survey: first results of four K2 plates

Song Wang, Hao-Tong Zhang, Zhong-Rui Bai, Hai-Long Yuan, Mao-Sheng Xiang, Bo Zhang, Wen Hou, Fang Zuo, Bing Du, Tan-Da Li, Fan Yang, Kai-Ming Cui, Yi-Lun Wang, Jiao Li, Mikhail Kovalev, Chun-Qian Li, Hao Tian, Wei-Kai Zong, Heng-Geng Han, Chao Liu, A-Li Luo, Jian-Rong Shi, Jian-Ning Fu, Shao-Lan Bi, Zhan-Wen Han, Ji-Feng Liu


Abstract From Oct. 2019 to Apr. 2020, LAMOST performed a time-domain (TD) spectroscopic survey of four K2 plates with both low- and medium-resolution observations. The low-resolution spectroscopic survey acquired 282 exposures (≈46.6 h) over 25 nights, yielding a total of about 767 000 spectra, and the medium-resolution survey took 177 exposures (≈49.1 h) over 27 nights, collecting about 478 000 spectra. More than 70%/50% of low-resolution/medium-resolution spectra have signal-to-noise ratio higher than 10. We determine stellar parameters (e.g., Teff, log g, [Fe/H]) and radial velocity (RV) with different methods, including LASP, DD-Payne and SLAM. In general, these parameter estimations from different methods show good agreement, and the stellar parameter values are consistent with those of APOGEE. We use the Gaia DR2 RV values to calculate a median RV zero point (RVZP) for each spectrograph exposure by exposure, and the RVZP-corrected RVs agree well with the APOGEE data. The stellar evolutionary and spectroscopic masses are estimated based on the stellar parameters, multi-band magnitudes, distances and extinction values. Finally, we construct a binary catalog including about 2700 candidates by analyzing their light curves, fitting the RV data, calculating the binarity parameters from medium-resolution spectra and cross-matching the spatially resolved binary catalog from Gaia EDR3. The LAMOST TD survey is expected to represent a breakthrough in various scientific topics, such as binary systems, stellar activity, stellar pulsation, etc.


Keywords astronomical database: miscellaneous — catalogs — stars: fundamental parameters — binaries: general — binaries: spectroscopic

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