Vol 21, No 10

The relative calibration of radial velocity for LAMOST medium resolution stellar spectra

Jian-Ping Xiong, Bo Zhang, Chao Liu, Jiao Li, Yong-Heng Zhao, Yong-Hui Hou


Abstract The Large Sky Area Multi-Object Fiber Spectroscopic Telescope (LAMOST) started a medianresolution spectroscopic (MRS, R∼7500) survey since October 2018. The main scientific goals of MRS, including binary stars, pulsators and other variable stars, were launched with a time-domain spectroscopic survey. However, the systematic errors, including the bias induced from wavelength calibration and the systematic difference between different spectrographs, have to be carefully considered during radial velocity measurement. In this work, we provide a technique to correct the systematics in the wavelength calibration based on the relative radial velocity measurements from LAMOST MRS spectra. We show that, for the stars with multi-epoch spectra, the systematic bias which is induced from the exposures on different nights can be corrected well for LAMOST MRS in each spectrograph. In addition, the precision of radial velocity zero-point of multi-epoch time-domain observations reaches below 0.5 km s−1. As a by-product, we also give the constant star candidates**, which can be the secondary radial-velocity standard star candidates of LAMOST MRS time-domain surveys.


Keywords methods: data analysis — techniques: radial velocities — stars: statistics — catalogs — surveys

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