Vol 21, No 1

Research on the readout noise suppression method for digital correlated double sampling

Wei Duan, Qian Song, Ming-Zhi Wei, Zhao-Wang Zhao, Wei Wang, Yu-Heng Zhang, Zhi-Wei Feng


Abstract As the areas of CCD detectors and CCD mosaics have become larger and larger, the number of readout channels in astronomical cameras has increased accordingly to keep the image readout time within an acceptable range. For the large area cameras or the mosaic cameras, the analog Correlated Double Sampling (aCDS) circuit used in traditional astronomical cameras for suppressing readout noise is difficult to integrate into the camera controllers within the constraints of the space and energy consumption. Recently, digital CDS (dCDS) technology has been developed to solve this problem, which also offers novel analysis and noise suppression methods. In this study, a mathematical model is presented to conveniently analyze the frequency characteristic of a dCDS circuit, which is then simulated by a numerical method for investigating the noise suppression capability with different sampling weights. Importantly, using this model, the extreme point with lowest readout noise can be predicted for a certain dCDS model; and for a specific CCD readout frequency, readout noise can be suppressed by selecting the proper dCDS model. A testing system is then constructed for validating the efficiency of the proposed method.


Keywords instrumentation: detectors — methods: analytical — methods: numerical

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