Special Issue for FAST

Pilot HI survey of Planck Galactic Cold Clumps with FAST

Ning-Yu Tang, Pei Zuo, Di Li, Lei Qian, Tie Liu, Yue-Fang Wu, Marko Krčo, Meng-Ting Liu, You-Ling Yue, Yan Zhu, Hong-Fei Liu, Dong-Jun Yu, Jing-Hai Sun, Peng Jiang, Gao-Feng Pan, Hui Li, Heng-Qian Gan, Rui Yao, Shu Liu, FAST Collaboration


Abstract We present a pilot HI survey of 17 Planck Galactic Cold Clumps (PGCCs) with the Five-hundredmeter Aperture Spherical radio Telescope (FAST). HI Narrow Self-Absorption (HINSA) is an effective method to detect cold HI being mixed with molecular hydrogen H2 and improves our understanding of the atomic to molecular transition in the interstellar medium. HINSA was found in 58% PGCCs that we observed. The column density of HINSA was found to have an intermediate correlation with that of 13CO, following log(N(HINSA)) = (0.52 ± 0.26) log(N13CO) + (10 ± 4.1). HI abundance relative to total hydrogen [HI]/[H] has an average value of 4.4 × 10−3, which is about 2.8 times of the average value of previous HINSA surveys toward molecular clouds. For clouds with total column density NH > 5 × 1020 cm−2, an inverse correlation between HINSA abundance and total hydrogen column density is found, confirming the depletion of cold HI gas during molecular gas formation in more massive clouds. Nonthermal line width of 13CO is about 0 − 0.5 km s−1 larger than that of HINSA. One possible explanation of narrower non-thermal width of HINSA is that HINSA region is smaller than that of 13CO. Based on an analytic model of H2 formation and H2 dissociation by cosmic ray, we found the cloud ages to be within 106.7 − 107.0 yr for five sources.


Keywords ISM: clouds — ISM: evolution — ISM: molecules

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