Vol 20, No 12

The formation of a blue cluster in the local Universe

Qing-Xin Wen, Yu Luo, Xi Kang


Abstract It is well known from the Butcher-Oemler effect that galaxies in dense environment are mostly red with little star formation and the fraction of blue galaxies in galaxy groups/clusters also declines rapidly with redshifts. A recent work by Hashimoto et al. reported a local ‘blue cluster’ with a high fraction of blue galaxies (∼ 0.57), higher than the model predictions. They ascribed this blue cluster to the feeding of gas along a filamentary structure around the cluster. In this work we use group catalog from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey Data Release 7 (SDSS DR7) and the state-of-art of semi-analytic model (SAM) to investigate the formation of blue clusters in the local Universe. In total, we find four blue clusters with halo mass ∼ 1014M⊙ at 0.02 < z < 0.082, while only the one found by Hashimoto et al. is in a filamentary structure. The SAM predicts that blue clusters have later formation time and most blue satellite galaxies are recently accreted. We conclude that the formation of blue clusters is mainly governed by newly accreted blue satellites, rather than the effect of large-scale environment.


Keywords galaxies: clusters: statistical — galaxies: evolution — galaxies: formation — galaxies: blue fraction

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