Vol 19, No 10

Lijiang 2.4-meter Telescope and its instruments

Chuan-Jun Wang, Jin-Ming Bai, Yu-Feng Fan, Ji-Rong Mao, Liang Chang, Yu-Xin Xin, Ju-Jia Zhang, Bao-Li Lun, Jian-Guo Wang, Xi-Liang Zhang, Mei Ying, Kai-Xing Lu, Xiao-Li Wang, Kai-Fan Ji, Ding-Rong Xiong, Xiao-Guang Yu, Xu Ding, Kai Ye, Li-Feng Xing, Wei-Min Yi, Liang Xu, Xiang-Ming Zheng, Yuan-Jie Feng, Shou-Sheng He, Xue-Li Wang, Zhong Liu, Dong Chen, Jun Xu, Song-Nian Qin, Rui-Long Zhang, Hui-Song Tan, Zhi Li, Ke Lou, Jian Li, Wei-Wei Liu


Abstract The Lijiang 2.4-meter Telescope (LJT), the largest common-purpose optical telescope in China, has been available to the worldwide astronomical community since 2008. It is located at the Gaomeigu site, Lijiang Observatory (LJO), in the southwest of China. The site has very good observational conditions. During its 10-year operation, several instruments have been equipped on the LJT. Astronomers can perform both photometric and spectral observations. The main scientific goals of LJT include recording photometric and spectral evolution of supernovae, reverberation mapping of active galactic nuclei, investigating the physical properties of binary stars and near-earth objects (comets and asteroids), and identification of exoplanets and all kinds of transients. Until now, the masses of 41 high accretion rate black holes have been measured, and more than 168 supernovae have been identified by the LJT. More than 190 papers related to the LJT have been published. In this paper, the general observation conditions of the Gaomeigu site is introduced at first. Then, the structure of the LJT is described in detail, including the optical, mechanical, motion and control system. The specification of all the instruments, and some detailed parameters of the YFOSC is also presented. Finally, some important scientific results and future expectations are summarized.


Keywords telescopes: Lijiang 2.4-m Telescope — instrumentation: photometers — instrumentation: spectrographs

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