Vol 18, No 3

An algorithm to resolve γ-rays from charged cosmic rays with DAMPE

Zun-Lei Xu, Kai-Kai Duan, Zhao-Qiang Shen, Shi-Jun Lei, Tie-Kuang Dong, Fabio Gargano, Simone Garrappa, Dong-Ya Guo, Wei Jiang, Xiang Li, Yun-Feng Liang, Mario Nicola Mazziotta, Maria Fernanda Munoz Salinas, Meng Su, Valerio Vagelli, Qiang Yuan, Chuan Yue, Jing-Jing Zang, Ya-Peng Zhang, Yun-Long Zhang, Stephan Zimmer


Abstract The DArk Matter Particle Explorer (DAMPE), also known as Wukong in China, which was launched on 2015 December 17, is a new high energy cosmic ray and γ-ray satellite-borne observatory. One of the main scientific goals of DAMPE is to observe GeV-TeV high energy γ-rays with accurate energy, angular and time resolution, to indirectly search for dark matter particles and for the study of high energy astrophysics. Due to the comparatively higher fluxes of charged cosmic rays with respect to γ-rays, it is challenging to identify γ-rays with sufficiently high efficiency, minimizing the amount of charged cosmic ray contamination. In this work we present a method to identify γ-rays in DAMPE data based on Monte Carlo simulations, using the powerful electromagnetic/hadronic shower discrimination provided by the calorimeter and the veto detection of charged particles provided by the plastic scintillation detector. Monte Carlo simulations show that after this selection the number of electrons and protons that contaminate the selected γ-ray events at ∼ 10 GeV amounts to less than 1% of the selected sample. Finally, we use flight data to verify the effectiveness of the method by highlighting known γ-ray sources in the sky and by reconstructing preliminary light curves of the Geminga pulsar.


Keywords gamma rays: general — instrumentation: detectors — methods: data analysis

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