Special Issue for LAMOST Sciences

The first symbiotic stars from the LAMOST survey

Jiao Li, Joanna Mikolajewska, Xue-Fei Chen, A-Li Luo, Alberto Rebassa-Mansergas, Yong-Hui Hou, Yue-Fei Wang, Yue Wu, Ming Yang, Yong Zhang, Zhan-Wen Han


Abstract Symbiotic stars are interacting binary systems with the longest orbital periods. They are typically formed by a white dwarf and a red giant that are embedded in a nebula. These objects are natural astrophysical laboratories for studying the evolution of binaries. Current estimates of the population of symbiotic stars in the Milky Way vary from 3000 up to 400 000. However, a current census has found less than 300. The Large sky Area Multi-Object fiber Spectroscopic Telescope (LAMOST) survey can obtain hundreds of thousands of stellar spectra per year, providing a good opportunity to search for new symbiotic stars. We detect four such binaries among 4 147 802 spectra released by LAMOST, of which two are new identifications. The first is LAMOST J12280490–014825.7, considered to be an S-type halo symbiotic star. The second is LAMOST J202629.80+423652.0, a D-type symbiotic star.


Keywords binaries: symbiotic-stars-- optical spectra-- LAMOST

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