Vol 8, No 3

Effects of α-Enhancement on Stellar Evolution

Jian-Po Guo, Feng-Hui Zhang, Xue-Fei Chen, Zhan-Wen Han


Abstract Using Eggleton's code, we systematically show the differences in stellar evolution between the results based on the scaled-solar mixture and the α-enhanced metal mixture. As input, the OPAL high temperature opacities are used for log (T/K) > 4.00, and the new Wichita State low temperature opacities, for log(T/K)≤4.00. Our calculations cover star masses ranging from 0.25 to 80.0M⊙, spaced at Δlog M = 0.10 or 0.05. The values of metallicities Z are 0.0001, 0.0003, 0.001, 0.004, 0.01, 0.02, 0.03, 0.04, 0.06, 0.08 and 0.10. For a given Z, the initial hydrogen mass fraction is given by X = 0.76−3.0Z. We show that α-enhancement can raise the stellar effective temperature and luminosity, and reduce the evolutionary age. Compared with some previous work, the effects of α-enhancement are more obviously demonstrated in our calculations.



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