Vol 23, No 1

Research on a Coherent Dedispersion Algorithm for Pulsar Baseband Data

Hai-Long Zhang, Ya-Zhou Zhang, Meng Zhang, Jie Wang, Ting Zhang, Shuang-Qiang Wang, Jian-ping Yuan, Xin-Chen Ye and Jian Li


When the pulsar signal propagates in the interstellar medium (ISM), the high frequency and low frequency components of the signal reach the radio telescope with a certain delay. Therefore, the pulsar signal will appear energy dispersion, which will broaden the pulse profile, decrease the signal to noise ratio, and even lead to the disappearance of the pulse signal. In this paper, we analyze the sampling, polarization and arrangement of baseband data based on the coherent dedispersion algorithm for the problem of pulsar baseband data dedispersion. We systematically study the coherent dedispersion data processing procedure, and test the pulse profile changes under different FFT block sizes. An optimal selection strategy of FFT block sizes is proposed for reducing the operation time and obtaining a better pulse profile. We propose two methods, one is the generation of ISM transfer function, the other is the pulsar period and phase prediction method at a certain time, and discuss integral and folding strategies. We test the algorithm based on the baseband data of CASPSR and Medusa terminals observed by the Parkes 64 m radio telescope, and analyze the reading and processing methods of baseband data of different terminals. The experimental results show that the phase and amplitude information of the pulse profile processed by our algorithm is basically consistent with the results obtained by DSPSR.


pulsar: – coherent dedispersion: – baseband data: – pulse profile

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