Vol 21, No 2

An HI intensity mapping survey with a Phased Array Feed

Lin-Cheng Li, Lister Staveley-Smith, Jonghwan Rhee


Abstract We report results from a neutral hydrogen (HI) intensity mapping survey conducted with a Phased Array Feed (PAF) on the Parkes telescope. The survey was designed to cover ∼ 380 deg2 over the redshift range 0.3 < z < 1 (a volume of ∼ 1.5 Gpc3) in four fields covered by the WiggleZ Dark Energy Survey. The results presented here target a narrow redshift range of 0.73 < z < 0.78 where the effect of radio frequency interference (RFI) was less problematic. The data reduction and simulation pipeline is described, with an emphasis on flagging of RFI and correction for signal loss in the data reduction process, particularly due to the foreground subtraction methodology. A cross-correlation signal was detected between the HI intensity maps and the WiggleZ redshift data, with a mean amplitude of \(\langle \Delta T_{\rm b} \delta_{\rm opt}\rangle = 1.32 \pm 0.42\) mK (statistical errors only). A future Parkes cryogenic PAF is expected to detect the cross-correlation signal with higher accuracy than previously possible and allow measurement of the cosmic HI density at redshifts up to unity.


Keywords cosmology: observation — methods: statistical — radio lines: galaxy

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