Special Issue for Stars and interstellar medium

Dynamics of magnetic flux tubes and IR-variability of young stellar objects

Sergey Khaibrakhmanov, Alexander Dudorov, Sobolev Andrej


Abstract We simulate the dynamics of slender magnetic flux tubes (MFTs) in the accretion disks of T Tauri stars. The dynamical equations of our model take into account aerodynamic and turbulent drag forces, and the radiative heat exchange between the MFT and ambient gas. The structure of the disk is calculated with the help of our MHD model of the accretion disks. We consider the MFTs formed at distances of 0.027 − 0.8 au from the star with various initial radii and plasma betas β0. The simulations show that MFTs with a weak magnetic field (β0 = 10) rise slowly with speeds less than the speed of sound. MFTs with β0 = 1 form an outflowing magnetized corona above the disk. Strongly magnetized MFTs (β0 = 0.1) can cause outflows with velocities 20 − 50 km s−1. The tubes rise periodically over times from several days to several months according to our simulations. We propose that periodically rising MFTs can absorb stellar radiation and contribute to the IR-variability of young stellar objects.


Keywords accretion disks — instabilities — magnetohydrodynamics (MHD) — protoplanetary disks

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