Special Issue for Stars and interstellar medium

Spectroscopic and photometric observations of symbiotic nova PU Vul during 2009–2016

Anna Tatarnikova, Marina Burlak, Evgeny Kolotilov, Natalia Metlova, Victor Shenavrin, Sergey Shugarov, Taisija Tarasova, Andrey Tatarnikov


Abstract A new set of low-resolution spectral and UBVJHKL-photometric observations of the symbiotic nova PU Vul is presented. The binary has been evolving after its symbiotic nova outburst in 1977 and now it is in the nebular stage. It is found that the third orbital cycle (after 1977) was characterized by great changes in associated light curves. Now, PU Vul exhibits a sine-wave shape in all the light curves (with an amplitude in the U band of about 0.7 mag), which is typical for symbiotic stars in the quiescent state. Brightness variability due to pulsations of the cool component is now clearly visible in the VRI light curves. The amplitude of the pulsations increases from 0.5 mag in the V band to 0.8 mag in the I band. These two types of variability, as well as a very slow change in the physical parameters of the hot component due to evolution after the outburst of 1977, influence the spectral energy distribution (SED) of the system. The variability of emission lines is highly complex. Only hydrogen line fluxes vary with orbital phase. An important feature of the third orbital cycle is the first emergence of the OVI, 6828Å Raman scattering line. We determine the temperature of the hot component by means of the Zanstra method applied to the He II, 4686Å line. Our estimate is about 150 000 K for the spectrum obtained near orbital maximum in 2014. The VO spectral index derived near pulsation minimum corresponds to M6 spectral class for the cool component of PU Vul.


Keywords binaries: symbiotic — novae — cataclysmic variables — stars: individual (PU Vul)

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