Vol 14, No 3

Formation of cyanoallene (buta-2, 3-dienenitrile) in the interstellar medium: a quantum chemical and spectroscopic study

Amresh Singh, Shivani Shivani, Alka Misra, Poonam Tandon


Abstract The interstellar medium, filling the vast space between stars, is a rich reservoir of molecular material ranging from simple diatomic molecules to more complex, astrobiologically important molecules such as vinylcyanide, methylcyanodiaccetylene, cyanoallene, etc. Interstellar molecular cyanoallene is one of the most stable isomers of methylcynoacetylene. An attempt has been made to explore the possibility of forming cyanoallene in interstellar space by radical-radical and radical-molecule interaction schemes in the gaseous phase. The formation of cyanoallene starting from some simple, neutral interstellar molecules and radicals has been studied using density functional theory. The reaction energies and structures of the reactants and products show that the formation of cyanoallene is possible in the gaseous phase. Both of the considered reaction paths are totally exothermic and barrierless, thus giving rise to a high probability of occurrence. Rate constants for each step in the formation process of cyanoallene in both the reaction paths are estimated. A full vibrational analysis has been attempted for cyanoallene in the harmonic and anharmonic approximations. Anharmonic spectroscopic parameters such as rotational constants, rotation-vibration coupling constants and centrifugal distortion constants have been calculated.


Keywords astrochemistry — techniques: spectroscopic — ISM: abundances — ISM: molecules

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