Chang'E 3 Special Issue

Operating principles and detection characteristics of the Visible and Near-Infrared Imaging Spectrometer in the Chang’e-3

Zhi-Ping He, Bin-Yong Wang, Gang Lü, Chun-Lai Li, Li-Yin Yuan, Rui Xu, Bin Liu, Kai Chen, Jian-Yu Wang


Abstract The Visible and Near-Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (VNIS), using two acousto-optic tunable filters as dispersive components, consists of a VIS/NIR imaging spectrometer (0.45–0.95 μm), a shortwave IR spectrometer (0.9–2.4 μm) and a calibration unit with dust-proofing functionality. The VNIS was utilized to detect the spectrum of the lunar surface and achieve in-orbit calibration, which satisfied the requirements for scientific detection. Mounted at the front of the Yutu rover, lunar objects that are detected with the VNIS with a 45° visual angle to obtain spectra and geometrical data in order to analyze the mineral composition of the lunar surface. After landing successfully on the Moon, the VNIS performed several explorations and calibrations, and obtained several spectral images and spectral reflectance curves of the lunar soil in the region of Mare Imbrium. This paper describes the working principle and detection characteristics of the VNIS and provides a reference for data processing and scientific applications.


Keywords space vehicles: instruments — instrumentation: spectrographs — Moon — techniques: spectroscopic

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