Vol 9, No 9 (2009) / Yu

Long-term evolution and gravitational wave radiation of neutron stars with differential rotation induced by r-modes

Yun-Wei Yu, Xiao-Feng Cao, Xiao-Ping Zheng

Abstract

In a second-order r-mode theory, Sá and Tomé found that the r-mode oscillation in neutron stars (NSs) could induce stellar differential rotation, which naturally leads to a saturated state of the oscillation. Based on a consideration of the coupling of the r-modes and the stellar spin and thermal evolution, we carefully investigate the influences of the differential rotation on the long-term evolution of isolated NSs and NSs in low-mass X-ray binaries, where the viscous damping of the r-modes and its resultant effects are taken into account. The numerical results show that, for both kinds of NSs, the differential rotation can significantly prolong the duration of the r-modes. As a result, the stars can keep nearly a constant temperature and constant angular velocity for over a thousand years. Moreover, the persistent radiation of a quasi-monochromatic gravitational wave would also be predicted due to the long-term steady r-mode oscillation and stellar rotation. This increases the detectability of gravitational waves from both young isolated and old accreting NSs.

Keywords


stars: neutron— stars: evolution— stars: rotation—gravitational waves

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