Vol 21, No 11 (2021) / Alhassan

Investigation of the relation between space-weather parameters and Forbush decreases automatically selected from Moscow and Apatity cosmic ray stations during solar cycle 23

Jibrin Adejoh Alhassan, Ogbonnaya Okike, Augustine Ejikeme Chukwude


We present the results of an investigation of the relation between space-weather parameters and cosmic ray (CR) intensity modulation using algorithm-selected Forbush decreases (FDs) from Moscow (MOSC) and Apatity (APTY) neutron monitor (NM) stations during solar cycle 23. Our FD location program detected 408 and 383 FDs from MOSC and APTY NM stations respectively. A coincident computer code employed in this work detected 229 FDs that were observed at the same Universal Time (UT) at the two stations. Out of the 229 simultaneous FDs, we formed a subset of 139 large FDs(%) ≤ −4 at the MOSC station. We performed a two-dimensional regression analysis between the FD magnitudes and the space-weather data on the two samples. We find that there were significant space-weather disturbances at the time of the CR flux depressions. The correlation between the space-weather parameters and decreases in galactic cosmic ray (GCR) intensity at the two NM stations is statistically significant. The implications of the present space-weather data on CR intensity depressions are highlighted.


methods: data analysis — methods: statistical — Sun: coronal mass ejections (CMEs) — (Sun:) solar — terrestrial relations — (Sun:) solar wind — (ISM:) cosmic rays

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.1088/1674-4527/21/11/273


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