Vol 21, No 9 (2021) / Chand

Magnetar giant flare originating from GRB 200415A: transient GeV emission, time-resolved Ep − Liso correlation and implications

Vikas Chand, Jagdish C. Joshi, Rahul Gupta, Yu-Han Yang, * Dimple, Vidushi Sharma, Jun Yang, Manoneeta Chakraborty, Jin-Hang Zou, Lang Shao, Yi-Si Yang, Bin-Bin Zhang, Shashi Bhushan Pandey, Ankush Banerjee, Eman Moneer


Giant flares (GFs) are unusual bursts from soft gamma-ray repeaters (SGRs) that release an enormous amount of energy in a fraction of a second. The afterglow emission of these SGR-GFs or GF candidates is a highly beneficial means of discerning their composition, relativistic speed and emission mechanisms. GRB 200415A is a recent GF candidate observed in a direction coincident with the nearby Sculptor galaxy at 3.5 Mpc. In this work, we searched for transient gamma-ray emission in past observations by Fermi-LAT in the direction of GRB 200415A. These observations confirm that GRB 200415A is observed as a transient GeV source only once. A pure pair-plasma fireball cannot provide the required energy for the interpretation of GeV afterglow emission and a baryonic poor outflow is additionally needed to explain the afterglow emission. A baryonic rich outflow is also viable, as it can explain the variability and observed quasi-thermal spectrum of the prompt emission if dissipation is happening below the photosphere via internal shocks. Using the peak energy (Ep) of the time-resolved prompt emission spectra and their fluxes (Fp), we found a correlation between Ep and Fp or isotropic luminosity Liso for GRB 200415A. This supports the intrinsic nature of Ep -Eiso correlation found in SGRs-GFs, hence favoring a baryonic poor outflow. Our results also indicate a different mechanism at work during the initial spike, and that the evolution of the prompt emission spectral properties in this outflow would be intrinsically due to the injection process.


magnetars; soft gamma repeater— giant flares

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.1088/1674-4527/21/9/236


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