Vol 10, No 1 (2010) / Zhang

Multicolor photometry of the galaxy cluster A98: substructures and star formation properties

Li Zhang, Qi-Rong Yuan, Xu Zhou, Zhao-Ji Jiang, Yan-Bin Yang, Jun Ma, Jiang-Hua Wu, Zhen-Yu Wu


An optical photometric observation with the Beijing–Arizona–Taiwan–Connecticut (BATC) multicolor system is carried out for A98 (z = 0.104), a galaxy cluster with two large enhancements in X-ray surface brightness. Spectral energy distributions (SEDs) covering 15 intermediate bands are obtained for all sources detected down to V ~ 20 mag in a field of 58' × 58'. After star–galaxy separation with color-color diagrams, a photometric redshift technique is applied to the galaxy sample for further membership determination. The color-magnitude relation is taken as a further restriction of the early-type cluster galaxies. As a result, a list of 198 faint member galaxies is achieved. Based on the newly generated sample of member galaxies, the dynamical substructures, A98N, A98S, and A98W, are investigated in detail. A separate galaxy group, A98X, is also found to the south of the main concentration of A98, which is gravitationally unbound to A98. For 74 spectroscopically confirmed member galaxies, the environmental effect on the star formation history is investigated. The bright galaxies in the core region are found to have shorter time scales of star formation, longer mean stellar ages, and higher interstellar medium metallicities, which can be interpreted in the context of the hierarchical cosmological scenario.


galaxies: clusters: individual (A98) – galaxies: distances and redshifts— galaxies: kinematics and dynamics— galaxies: evolution— methods: data analysis

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