Vol 15, No 12 (2015) / Yildiz

Grids of stellar models including second harmonic and colors: solar composition (Z = 0.0172, X = 0.7024)

Mutlu Yildiz

Abstract

Grids of stellar evolution are required in many fields of astronomy/astrophysics, such as planet hosting stars, binaries, clusters, chemically peculiar stars, etc. In this study, a grid of stellar evolution models with updated ingredients and recently determined solar abundances is presented. The solar values for the initial abundances of hydrogen, heavy elements and mixing-length parameter are 0.0172, 0.7024 and 1.98, respectively. The mass step is small enough (0.01 M) that interpolation for a given star mass is not required. The range of stellar mass is 0.74 to 10.00 M. We present results in different forms of tables for easy and general application. The second stellar harmonic, required for analysis of apsidal motion of eclipsing binaries, is also listed. We also construct rotating models to determine the effect of rotation on stellar structure and derive fitting formulae for luminosity, radius and the second harmonic as a function of rotational parameter. We also compute and list colors and bolometric corrections of models required for transformation between theoretical and observational results. The results are tested for the Sun, the Hyades cluster, the slowly rotating chemically peculiar Am stars and eclipsing binaries with apsidal motion. The theoretical and observational results along isochrones are in good agreement. The grids are also applicable to rotating stars provided that equatorial velocity is given.

Keywords


stars: interior — stars: evolution — binaries: eclipsing — stars: chemi- cally peculiar

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.1088/1674–4527/15/12/012

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