- Prof. Xuelei Chen
- Prof. K. S. Cheng
- Prof. Mingde Ding
- Prof. Philip Edwards
- Prof. Taotao Fang
- Prof. Yu Gao
- Prof. Jianghui Ji
- Prof. Hyung-Mok Lee
- Prof. Xiangdong Li
- Prof. Yan Li
- Prof. Xinhao Liao
- Prof. Xiaowei Liu
- Prof. Jifeng Liu
- Prof. Ken'inchi Nomoto
- Prof. Biswajit Paul
- Prof. Nikolay N. Samus
- Prof. Junxian Wang
- Prof. Xiaohu Yang
- Prof. Donald G. York
- Prof. Mei Zhang
- Prof. Gang Zhao
- Prof. Yong-Tian Zhu
Prof. Jingxiu Wang
Solar astronomer, professor of National Astronomical Observatories of Chinese Academy of Sciences, member of Chinese Academy of Sciences.
He graduated from the Geophysics Department of Beijing University in 1969; became a graduate student in the Graduate School of Chinese Academy of Science in 1978 and obtained MS degree in 1981, then joined the Solar Physics Division of Beijing Astronomical Observatory in which he obtained his Ph.D. degree in astrophysics in 1987. He has been a full professor since 1992 in Beijing Astronomical Observatory (a former institute of National Astronomical Observatories). He visited Caltech as a visiting associate from 1983 to 1984, and appointed as a guest professor of ISAS in 1996. He has been serving as an editorial board member of Solar Physics since 1999 and an editor of Research in Astronomy and Astrophysics (RAA) since 2001. He was awarded by National Natural Science Prize (the second rank) in 2009 and Y. C. Prize of Chinese Astronomical Society in 2012.
His main scientific interests are the quantitative measurements and descriptions of solar vector magnetic fields, diagnosis of the weak component of solar magnetism, and the physical understanding on the origin of solar explosive activity.
Prof. Liang Gao
National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Liang Gao received a PhD in Physics at Ludwig-Maxmilians-Universaet Muenchen in 2004, Germany, followed by 2 postdocs at Max Planck institute for Astrophysics and Durham University. In 2008 he was awarded a STFC advance fellowship in UK. He returned China in early 2009 and started a research group at National Astronomical Observatories. He is also the group leader of the partner group of Max Planck for Astrophysics.
His main research interests lie in the field of Cosmology, galaxy formation and computer simulation of Cosmic structure formation.
Prof. Arnab Rai Choudhuri
Professor, Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore.
Arnab Rai Choudhuri obtained his PhD in 1985 from University of Chicago under the supervision of Professor E. N. Parker. After spending two years in High Altitude Observatory, Boulder, USA, he joined Indian Institute of Science as Lecturer in 1987 and has been there since that time, becoming Professor in 2002. During his tenure in Indian Institute of Science, he held visiting positions in University of Chicago (1989), University of St. Andrews, Scotland (1991), Kiepenheuer-Institut, Freiburg, Germany (1994-95, as Alexander von Humboldt Fellow), Montana State University, USA (2000), Max-Planck-Institut, Lindau, Germany (2002), Cambridge University, UK (2004), Eotvos University, Hungary (2004), National Astronomical Observatories of China, Beijing (2006) and National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, Tokyo (2012). He is a Fellow of Indian Academy of Sciences and Indian National Science Academy. He is a recipient of the prestigious JC Bose Fellowship awarded by the Government of India. He currently serves as a Steering Committee member of Division E Sun and Heliosphere, International Astronomical Union.
Choudhuri’s main research interest is to study magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) processes in astrophysical systems – primarily the Sun. The majority of his research papers deal with the buoyant rise of magnetic flux tubes in the Sun to form sunspots and the generation of solar magnetic fields by the dynamo process. He is one of the originators of the flux transport dynamo model, the currently favoured theoretical model of the 11-year sunspot cycle, and applied this model to successfully predict the strength of the sunspot cycle 24 (the first successful prediction from a theoretical model). His two books The Physics of Fluids and Plasmas (1998, Cambridge University Press) and Astrophysics for Physicists (2010, Cambridge University Press) are widely used as textbooks in many universities around the world.
Prof. Wing-Huen Ip
Graduate Institute of Astronomy, National Central University, Chung-Li
Wing-Huen Ip got his Ph.D in applied physics from Univ. of California at San Diego in 1974. His doctoral thesis is on the study of small solar system bodies. After three postdoctoral fellowships at UCSD, he went to Germany in 1978 to work at the Max-Planck-Institute for Aeronomy (now MPI for Solar System Research). After 20 years in Europe, he was appointed professor of astronomy and space science at the Institute of Astronomy and Space Science, National Central University (NCU) in Taiwan and served for six years (1998-2004) as dean of science and three years as vice-president (2006-2008). He is also professor at the Space Science Institute, Macau University of Science and Technology, Macau. He has participated in several major planetary missions including Giotto to comet Halley, Galileo to Jupiter, Cassini to Saturn and Titan, Mars Express and Rosetta. Prof. Ip was awarded the Axford Medal by the Asia-Oceania Geosciences Society in 2011. He likes to paint.
Cometary physics, Solar system origin and planet formation, Solar system plasma physics, Planetary atmospheres and exospheric systems
Prof. Xuelei Chen
National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Principal Investigator; Cosmic Dark Matter and Dark Energy Group; Recipient of the CAS One Hundred Talents Fellow; National Distinguished Young Scholar.
cosmology and particle astrophysics, including dark matter detection, dark energy model and detection, cosmic microwave background, large scale structure, formation of first generation of luminous objects and reionization
Prof. K. S. Cheng
Department of Physics, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
I received my BSc degree from the Chinese University of Hong Kong and PhD degree from Columbia University. I did my postdoc in the University of Illinois, U.S.A. I am currently a chair professor in the Department of Physics, University of Hong Kong. I am a fellow of American Physical Society, USA and a fellow of Royal Astronomical Society of UK. I have received the third class of National Natural Science Award of China in 1993 and the second class of National Natural Science Award of China in 2003 shared with Lu Tan, Dai Zigao, Huang Yongfeng and Wang Xiangyu, the Outstanding Researcher Award from the University of Hong Kong and the Croucher Foundation Senior Research Fellowship.
My major research areas are the physics of compact stellar objects, e.g. structure, cooling, glitches and other internal activities of neutron stars, and high energy astronomy, e.g. X-ray and gamma-ray emission mechanisms of pulsars. I am interested in the possible central engines of gamma-ray bursts and in using the gamma-ray bursts to probe the properties of the early Universe. I also work on high energy phenomena related to stellar capture by the supermassive black holes, in particular the gamma-ray emission from the Fermi Bubbles, which are located at the galactic center. Recently I mainly work on gamma-ray sources detected by Fermi satellite.
Prof. Mingde Ding
School of Astronomy and Space Science, Nanjing University
Mingde Ding obtained his B. S. in astronomy and Ph. D. in astrophysics from Nanjing University in 1986 and 1992, respectively. Since 1992, he has been working at School of Astronomy and Space Science (previously Department of Astronomy), Nanjing University. He is now a professor working on solar physics. He teaches courses of stellar atmospheres and physics of solar activities. He is also a member of the Organizing Committee of IAU Commission 12 and a member of the Editorial Board of Solar Physics.
His research interests include radiative transfer, spectral diagnostics and modeling of the solar atmosphere, magnetic structure of active regions and mechanisms for solar eruptions.
Prof. Philip Edwards
CSIRO Astronomy & Space Science, Australia
Philip Edwards is the Head of Science Operations for the Australia Telescope National Facility, part of the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO). He joined CSIRO in 2006, having previously worked at the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, and having held postdoctoral positions at Japan's Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, the University of Adelaide, and the Institute for Cosmic Ray Research of the University of Tokyo.
His main research interests are in observational radio-astronomy in general, and Very Long Baseline Interferometry in particular.
Prof. Taotao Fang
Department of Astronomy, Xiamen University
Taotao Fang received his bachelor's degree from Wuhan University, master's degree from the University of Science and Technology of China, and Ph.D from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He was also a Chandra fellow (now Einstein fellow) at the University of California at Berkeley. Now he is a professor at the Astronomy Department of Xiamen University.
Galaxy formation and evolution; observational extragalactic astronomy; interstellar and intergalactic medium; large scale structure of the universe.
Prof. Yu Gao
Professor of Purple Mountain Observatory, CAS
Professor, Sr. scientist, and group leader at Purple Mountain Obs. Yu Gao returned China in 2004 to build up a research group on star formation in galaxies. He obtained his B.S. degree in 1984 from Univ. of Science and Technology of China, PhD from State Univ. of New York at Stony Brook in 1996 and worked extensively as research scientist and postdoctoral fellows in US. He was the NSF of China's Distinguished Young Scholar, CAS Hundred-Talent recipient.
The main research areas include infrared, submillimeter/millimeter, radio and X-ray observations of the starburst and luminous infrared galaxies, and AGNs/QSOs; High-redshift star-forming galaxies; Evolution of star-forming galaxies.
Prof. Jianghui Ji
Purple Mountain Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Jianghui Ji is a Professor, Principal Investigator, and group leader at Purple Mountain Observatory, CAS. He received college education and obtained a PhD in 2000 at Nanjing University, and worked at PMO since then. He was a visiting scholar in 2006 at Department of Terrestrial Magnetism, Carnegie Institution of Washington, U.S., in 2009 at the Tuorla Observatory of the University of Turku, Finland, in 2010 at the University of New South Wales, Australia. He is now the Associate Director of Key Laboratory of Planetary Sciences, CAS.
The main research areas include,
- Extrasolar Planetary Systems: Orbital Dynamics; Resonances in Multiple Systems; Planetary Formation; Disk-Planet Interactions; Hydrodynamics Simulations
- Protoplanetary Disks: Observations / evolution of protoplanetary disks; Planetesimals formation
- Solar System Small bodies: Orbital Evolution of NEOs; Physics of asteroids; Dynamics and formation of the small bodies
Prof. Hyung Mok Lee
Hyung Mok Lee, Dept. of Physics and Astronomy, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea
I am a professor of astrophysics at Seoul National University. I have worked on diverse areas of astrophysics: interstellar medium, dynamics of star clusters, and the evolution of galaxies and cosmology. I started my research on interstellar grains as a graduate student, but moved to theoretical studies of dynamical evolution of stellar systems for my PhD thesis. The stellar dynamics remained the focus of my research until late 1990s. In 2000, I initiated collaboration on the AKARI project with Japanese astronomers in infrared (IR) astronomy. AKARI is a space IR telescope that was eventually launched in 2006. The IR astronomy was very new to Korean astronomers, but they quickly became important players in area. I also pioneered in gravitational wave (GW) research in Korea. I am currently leading the Korea GW Group (KGWG), which has been a member of LIGO Scientific Collaboration (LSC) since 2009. I received a few awards: John Polanyi Prize from the Government of Ontario, Canada, in 1988; National Distinguished Scholar from Korea Research Foundation in 2006; National Medal Scientific Achievement from the Korean Government in 2010; and Alexander von Humboldt Research Award from the Humboldt Foundation in Germany in 2013.
interstellar medium, dynamics of star clusters, and the evolution of galaxies and cosmology.
Prof. Xiangdong Li
School of Astronomy and Space Science, Nanjing University
Xiangdong Li obtained his Ph. D. in astrophysics from Nanjing University in 1995. Since then he has been working at School of Astronomy and Space Science (previously Department of Astronomy), Nanjing University. He is now a professor working on high-energy astrophysics. He teaches courses of General Astronomy and X-ray Binaries. He is also the director of Key Laboratory of Modern Astronomy and Astrophysics (Nanjing University), Ministry of Education.
His research interests include the formation and evolution of X-ray binaries, radio pulsars, magnetars and the progenitors of type Ia supernovae. He is also interested in accretion processes in astrophysics.
Prof. Yan Li
Yunnan Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences
stellar structure and evolution, stellar convection, asteroseismology
Prof. Xinhao Liao
Shanghai Astronomical Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, China
- Current Position: Professor and Principal Investigator, Planetary Dynamics Group, Shanghai Astronomical Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences
- Education: PhD in Celestial Mechanics (1989), Nanjing University; M.S. in Celestial Mechanics (1986), Nanjing University; B.S. in Astronomy (1983), Nanjing University
- Honors and Awards: Recipient of the CAS One Hundred Talents Fellow
- Research Experience: Department of Astronomy, Nanjing University (1989-1997), Shanghai Astronomical Observatory (1997-present)
Celestial Mechanics, Planetary Fluid dynamics, Planetary Rotation, Orbital Theory of artificial satellite, Numerical Method of differential equations.
Prof. Jifeng Liu
National Astronomical Observatories, CAS
Jifeng Liu is a Principal Astronomer at NAOC. He received college education at Peking University in astrophysics and received his PhD degree in 2005 at University of Michigan. He was an Einstein fellow and later an astrophysicist at Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics before he return to China as a Bairen professor in 2010.
Jifeng Liu is mostly interested in multi-wavelength observations of compact objects and stars in the Milky Way and nearby galaxies.
Prof. Xiaowei Liu
Department of Astronomy, Peking University
Xiaowei Liu is a Cheung Kong Scholar and professor of astronomy at Peking University. He received college education at Peking University in astrophysics and received his PhD degree in 1992 from the Beijing Astronomical Observatory (now the National Astronomical Observatories), Chinese Academy of Sciences. He then joined the Department of Physics and Astronomy, University College London, first as a postdoctoral, then as a senior research fellow. He joined the faculty of Department of Astronomy of Peking University in 2000. He is currently serving as a Vice President of the International Astronomical Union (IAU).
Professor Liu's main research interest is spectroscopic study of emission line nebulae, with an emphasis on the physical processes and radiative mechanisms governing photoionized gaseous nebulae. Studies of emission line nebulae yield information of stellar nucleosynthesis and the enrichment of the interstellar medium, and of the chemical evolution of galaxies. Currently, Prof. Liu is leading a large spectroscopic survey towards the Galactic anticenter with the newly built Chinese Large Sky Area Multi-object Spectroscopic Telescope (LAMOST, also named the Guoshoujing Telescope). The survey will collect optical spectra of millions of stars and provide a unique data set to study the stellar populations, kinematics and chemistry of the Galactic disk(s) and to unravel the assemblage history of the Milky Way as an archetypical grand-design (barred) spiral galaxy.
Prof. Kenichi Nomoto
Department of Astronomy, University of Tokyo
Supernova Physics and Cosmology
- Evolution of Supernova Progenitors
- Mass Accreting White Dwarfs and Type Ia Supernovae
- Massive Stars and Core-Collapse Supernovae
- Thermonuclear Explosions of White Dwarfs
- Core-Collapse Supernova Explosions of Massive Stars
Prof. Biswajit Paul
Professor of Astronomy and Astrophysics Group Raman Research Institute, Bangalore
Biswajit Paul has been at the Raman Research Institute in Bangalore, India, since 2006. Before RRI, he has worked at the Institute of Space and Astronautical Science (now JAXA), Japan, and at the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai, where he also obtained his PhD degree developing an X-ray astronomy instrument that was launched on an Indian satellite IRS-P3 in 1996.
His current activities include development of a Thomson X-ray Polarimeter for a small-satellite astronomy mission, developments for the multi-wavelength astronomy satellite Astrosat, and other X-ray astronomical technique developments. His research interests are mainly served using timing and spectral measurements of various types of neutron stars, especially the accreting X-ray pulsars.
Prof. Nikolay N. Samus
Institute of Astronomy (Russian Academy of Sciences), P.K. Sternberg Astronomical Institute (M.V. Lomonosov Moscow University), and Eurasian Astronomical Society, Moscow
Nikolay N. Samus, professor, PhD, DSci, was born in Kiev in 1949. Since 1952, lives in Moscow. Graduated from the M.V. Lomonosov Moscow University in 1973. PhD in astronomy: 1977. DSci in astrophysics: 1996. Professor in astrophysics: 2012. Leading researcher of the Institute of Astronomy of Russian Academy of Sciences and of the P.K. Sternberg Astronomical Institute of the M.V. Lomonosov State University, Moscow. N.N. Samus is the editor of the General Catalog of Variable Stars. He is now also engaged in the project of digitizing the Moscow stacks of astronomical plates, with simultaneous search for new variable stars. N.N. Samus is the co-chairman of the Eurasian Astronomical Society (the former Astronomical Society of the USSR). Winner of the Fyodor Bredikhin Prize of the Russian Academy of Sciences (2007).
The main fields of scientific interests are variable stars and globular star clusters.
Prof. Junxian Wang
Department of Astronomy, University of Science and Technology of China
Junxian Wang received his B. S. degree (1996) and PhD in Astrophysics (2001) from University of Science and Technology of China (USTC). He did his postdoc in the Johns Hopkins University, USA, where he also stayed for one year as a visiting scholar before obtaining his PhD. He returned to USTC as a Bairen professor in 2004.
Active galaxies and quasars, high redshift galaxies, galaxy formation and evolution.
Prof. Xiaohu Yang
Department of Physics and Astronomy in Shanghai JiaoTong University (SJTU)
Xiaohu Yang is currently a distinguished professor in the Department of Physics and Astronomy in Shanghai JiaoTong University (SJTU). He got his Ph.D. degree in August 2002 from the University of Science and Technology of China (USTC). After that he became a lecturer in that University. Then later in 2003 he moved to the University of Massachusetts as a Postdoc. In September 2005, Xiaohu moved to the Shanghai Astronomical Observatory as a full professor of Astronomy. During the years 2006-2011, he was the group leader of the partner group between the MPA and SHAO. So far, Xiaohu has published more than 80 papers, within which over 70 are published on the top international astronomical journals. These papers received more than 4000 citations. Because of his outstanding research work, in 2009, he got the grant from the National Science Foundation for Distinguished Young Scholars.
The main research interests of Xiaohu include the large scale structure of Universe, galaxy formation and evolution, within which he has established the conditional luminosity function (CLF) model, developed an adaptive group finder to link galaxies according to their common dark matter halos, measured various clustering, halo occupation properties of galaxies from the SDSS observations, etc.
Prof. Donald G. York
Professor, Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of Chicago
BS 1966 (Physics) MIT; PhD 1971 (Astrophysics) University of Chicago; Research astronomer on the Copernicus satellite project at Princeton University, 1970-1982. He is the founding director of the Apache Point Observatory in Sunspot, New Mexico (1983 to 1998) and of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (1988 to 1997). Don was born in Shelbyville, Illinois. He worked with the Copernicus team that developed the first global picture of interstellar molecular hydrogen and of the hot gas, represented by the discovery of interstellar O+5. He was appointed an Associate Professor at the University of Chicago in 1982, promoted to Professor, and is now the Horace B. Horton Professor of Astronomy and Astrophysics.
York's research deals with the dust and gas between the stars (the Galactic interstellar medium) and the same material in high redshift galaxies (the intergalactic medium, so called because we often cannot see the galaxies themselves). Studies of local, Galactic material, where the physics can be studied in more detail, are used to develop techniques for studying galaxies at high redshifts. Examples include the study of atomic and ionic intersellar lines and the study of the diffuse interstellar bands (DIBs).
Prof. Mei Zhang
Professor of National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences,
Mei Zhang received her B.S. in Astrophysics from Peking University in 1987, M.S. in Astrophysics and PhD in Solar Physics from Beijing Astronomical Observatory of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) in 1990 and 1999, respectively. She worked in High Altitude Observatory of the National Center of Atmospheric Research in the US from 2000 to 2003, and then returned China to work in the National Astronomical Observatories of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (NAOC) as a CAS One Hundred Talents Fellow. She is now the Chief Scientist of the Huairou Solar Observing Station of NAOC. She is also a recipient of the National Distinguished Young Scholar Grant of NSFC.
Solar physics, in particular, MHD, magnetic field measurement, solar dynamo theory and the mechanism of solar activities.
Prof. Gang Zhao
Professor of National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences,
Zhao Gang is the leading professor of the National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences (NAOC), a member of the Physics and Astronomy Group of the Academic Degrees Committee of the State Council of China, Director of the Key Lab of Optical Astronomy, CAS, and the President of the Chinese Astronomical Society during 2006-2010.
Prof. Zhao has been devoting himself to observational astronomy for over 20 years. He has taken the lead in detailed quantitative analysis of chemical elements based on a large sample of high-resolution spectra of poor-metal dwarfs. Prof. Zhao was the one who gave the new empirical formula of the influence of neutral hydrogen collision for NLTE analysis. Meanwhile, he began the research direction of chemical abundance of extra-solar planetary systems, and found one extra-solar planet for the first time with the domestic telescope. Prof. Zhao was honored with the Chinese Young Scientists Prize in 2002. He was also the winner of Second Prize of National Natural Science in 2008, as well as winner of the Science and Technology Award of the Ho Leung Ho Lee Foundation in 2010.
Stellar Spectra, Stellar Nucleosynthesis, Chemical Evolution of Galaxy, Laboratory Astrophysics, Stellar Chemical Abundances, Extra-solar planet searching
Prof. Yongtian Zhu
Professor of Nanjing Institute of Astronomical Optics & Technology (NIAOT); Director of Key Laboratory of Astronomical Optics & Technology, CAS
- Research Experience
- Professor, NIAOT, 2000 to present
- Senior Engineer, NAIRC, 1995 to 1999
- Optic-mechanic engineer, NAIRC, 1989 to 1994
- Key Achievements
- Participated in the first High Resolution Spectrograph for 2.16-meter telescope; infrared imaging spectrograph of the China-Brazil Earth Resource satellite; PI of the focal plane instrument of LAMOST, successfully developed 16 low-resolution multi-object fibre spectrograph; PI of the Major International (Regional) Joint Research Project of NSFC, Astronomical Union Funds Major Program of NSFC, Beyond The Horizons supported by John Templeton Foundation; has published over 40 papers (SCI/EI).
- Outstanding contributions of Young and Middle-aged experts in Nanjing and Jiangsu Province;
- Awards of the talented research supervisor of Ph.D. students
- State Council Expert for Special Allowance
Yongtian’s current interests include: critical technique in the detection of exoplanets with Radial velocity and direct imaging approaches, development of astronomical spectrographs and adaptive optics for high-resolution imaging, critical technique for Antarctic telescopes & instrumentation.
- Astronomical Spectra and High-resolution Image Technique & Instrumentation
- Extra-solar Planets Detection Technique & Instrumentation
- Extreme large telescopes: technique and instrumentation
- Astronomical techniques in extreme environment
Print ISSN: 1674-4527
Online ISSN: 2397-6209