Vol 21, No 7 (2021) / Li

A preliminary study on photogrammetry for the FAST main reflector measurement

Wei-Min Li, Liu-Jian Zhou

Abstract

The Five-hundred-meter Aperture Spherical radio Telescope (FAST) is the largest single-dish radio telescope in the world. In this paper, we apply photogrammetry to measure local area surface accuracy of the FAST main reflector. Contrast with the existing photogrammetric methods that need to stick the cooperation target on the panel. In this paper, we directly detect nodes according to their natural feature. Analyzing the FAST reflector composition, we propose a two-step Hough transform method for node detection. Due to the high similarity of the neighboring area around nodes, it is hard to match two images by the feature matching method. Therefore, we apply the nodes combination approach to obtain the homography matrix between two photos for nodes matching. After nodes detection and matching, triangulation and bundle adjustment algorithms are adopted for 3D reconstruction. During the experiment, the adjusted node position deform a local area of the FAST main reflector into a spherical cap with a radius of 300 m. The experimental result shows that the measurement accuracy of the sphere with a radius of 300 m is 12.299 mm, indicating that it is feasible to apply photogrammetry for the FAST main reflector measurement.

Keywords


FAST — photogrammetry — node detection — bundle adjustment — 3D reconstruction

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.1088/1674-4527/21/7/156

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