Vol 21, No 3 (2021) / Liu

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A broad absorption line outflow associated with the broad emission line region in the quasar SDSS J075133.35+134548.3

Bo Liu, Hong-Yan Zhou, Xin-Wen Shu, Shao-Hua Zhang, Tuo Ji, Xiang Pan, Peng Jiang

Abstract

We report on the discovery of unusual broad absorption lines (BALs) in the bright quasar SDSS J075133.35+134548.3 at z ∼ 1, using archival and newly obtained optical and NIR spectroscopic data. The BALs are detected reliably in He I* λ3889, He I* λ10830 and tentatively in Al III , Mg II . These BALs show complex velocity structures consisting of two major components: a high-velocity component (HV), with a blueshifted velocity range of ∆vHV ∼ −9300 − −3500 km s−1, which can be reliably detected in He I* λ10830, and tentatively in Al III and Mg II , whereas it is undetectable in He I* λ3889; and a low-velocity component (LV), with ∆vLV ∼ −3500 − −1800 km s−1, is only detected in He I* λ3889 and He I* λ10830. With the BALs from different ions, the HV outflowing gas can be constrained to have a density of nH ∼10 10.3 –10 11.4 cm −3 , a column density of NH ∼ 10 21 cm−2 and an ionization parameter of U ∼10−1.83 –10−1.72 ; inferring a distance of RHV ∼0.5 pc from the central continuum source with a monochromatic luminosity λLλ (5100)=7.0×10 45 erg s−1 at 5100 Å. This distance is remarkably similar to that of the normal broad line region (BLR) estimated from reverberation experiments, suggesting association of the BLR and the HV BAL outflowing gas. Interestingly, a blueshifted component is also detected in Al III and Mg II broad emission lines (BELs), and the Al III /Mg II of such a BEL component can be reproduced by the physical parameters inferred from the HV BAL gas. The LV BAL gas likely has a larger column density, a higher ionization level and hence a smaller distance than the HV BAL gas. Further spectroscopy with a high S/N ratio and broader wavelength coverage is needed to confirm this to shed new light on the possible connection between BALs and BELs.

Keywords


quasars: emission lines — quasars: broad absorption line — quasars: individual (SDSS J075133.35+134548.3)

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.1088/1674-4527/21/3/65

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