Vol 21, No 3 (2021) / Liu

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A WISE view of IRAS debris disks: revising the dust properties

Qiong Liu

Abstract

Debris disks around stars are considered as components of planetary systems. Constraining the dust properties of these disks can give crucial information to formation and evolution of planetary systems. As an all-sky survey, InfRared Astronomical Satellite (IRAS) gave great contribution to the debris disk searching which discovered the first debris disk host star (Vega). The IRAS-detected debris disk sample published by Rhee (Rhee et al. 2007) contains 146 stars with detailed information of dust properties. While the dust properties of 45 of them still cannot be determined due to the limitations with the IRAS database (have IRAS detection at 60 μm only). Therefore, using more sensitivity data of Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE), we can better characterize the sample stars: for the stars with IRAS detection at 60 μm only, we refit the excessive flux densities and obtain the dust temperatures and fractional luminosities; while for the remaining stars with multi-bands IRAS detections, the dust properties are revised which show that the dust temperatures were overestimated in the high temperature band before. Moreover, we identify 17 stars with excesses at the WISE 22 μm which have smaller distribution of distance from Earth and higher fractional luminosities than the other stars without mid-infrared excess emission. Among them, 15 stars can be found in previous works.

Keywords


(stars:) circumstellar matter — protoplanetary disks — infrared: stars

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.1088/1674-4527/21/3/60

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