1RXS J232953.9+062814: a New SU UMa Dwarf Nova below the Period Minimum

Jian-Yan Wei, Xiao-Jun Jiang, Da-Wei Xu, Ai-Ying Zhou, Jing-Yao Hu


1RXS J232953.9+062814 was identified as a cataclysmic variable by Wei et al. (1999). Four low-resolution spectra of 1RXS J232953.9+062814 were obtained with the 2.16-m telescope of the National Astronomical Observatories, of which two were at outburst, and two were at quiescence. The system is about 16.8 B and 16.5 V at quiescence, and 12.6 B and 12.6 V at outburst. The quiescent spectra were dominated by double-peaked Balmer emissions, which indicates a hydrogen-rich system with a high-inclination accretion disc. MgH and TiO absorption bands appeared in the quiescent spectrum which implies a companion with a spectral type of early M dwarf. If we take it as an M0 dwarf, then the system is located at a distance of 350 pc with a proper motion velocity 150 km s-1. The superhump period of 0.046311 days was confirmed by our V photometry. The short period and the hydrogen-rich nature reveal that this system is another SU Ursae Majoris-type dwarf nova below the period minimum after V485 Centauri. 1RXS J232953.9+062814 is one of the most important systems for studying the evolutionary scenario of cataclysmic variables since it is much brighter than V485 Cen.


stars: dwarf novae --- stars: cataclysmic variables: individual:  1RXS J232953.9 +062814

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