Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription Access

Trends of stellar entropy along stellar evolution

Marcio Guilherme Bronzato de Avellar, Rodrigo Alvarez de Souza, Jorge Ernesto Horvath

Abstract


This paper is devoted to discussing the difference in the thermodynamic entropy budget per baryon in each type of stellar object found in the Universe. We track and discuss the actual decrease of the stored baryonic thermodynamic entropy from the most primitive molecular cloud up to the final fate of matter in black holes, passing through evolved states of matter as found in white dwarfs and neutron stars. We then discuss the case of actual stars with different masses throughout their evolution, clarifying the role of the virial equilibrium condition for the decrease in entropy and related issues. Finally, we discuss the role of gravity in driving the composition and the structural changes of stars with different Main Sequence masses during their evolution up to the final product. Particularly, we discuss the entropy of a black hole in this context arguing that the dramatic increase in its entropy, differently from the other cases, is due to the gravitational field itself.


Keywords


stars: formation — stars: neutron — black holes

Full Text:

PDF


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1674%E2%80%934527%2F16%2F2%2F021

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.



Print ISSN: 1674-4527

Online ISSN: 2397-6209